Pervez Musharraf, (born August 11, 1943, in New Delhi, India–died February 5, 2023, in Dubai United Arab Emirates), was a Pakistani military officer who rose to power through a coup d’etat in 1999 and served as President from 2001 until 2008.
He was born at his family’s ancestral home, Nehar Wali Haveli in Delhi on August 11, 1943. Following Pakistan’s independence in 1947, he and his family emigrated and eventually settled in Karachi.
Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf:
Pakistan’s Military Academy as early as 1961 and in 1998 was appointed army chief by Nawaz Sharif, brother of current prime minister Nawaz Sharif. With political and economic conditions worsening rapidly in Pakistan at that point, Pakistan president pervez musharraf took control and overthrew Sharif’s administration and ousted it within one year.
Following the September 11th attacks in the US, Sharif declared Pakistan’s support for U.S. efforts against al Qaeda extremists. Washington’s so-called “war on terror” caused international forces to invade Afghanistan before eventually withdrawing by 2021.
Pakistan president pervez musharraf won more than 90% of the votes cast in a contentious national referendum held in 2002, earning him both the president and army chief titles simultaneously.
Islamist extremists angry over his support of the U.S.-led war on al Qaeda made several attempts on his life; one shot came from the Jaish-e-Muhammad group one year later but was foiled.
pakistan president pervez musharraf announced his resignation as army head in 2007, yet pledged to serve another five-year term as president. To maintain control, he censored media reports and arrested opposition lawmakers as part of declaring a state of emergency to quell increasing opposition against his administration.
pervez musharraf president of Pakistan:
Musharraf’s ruling party *lost national elections in February 2008. Shortly afterward, Pakistan president pervez musharraf announced his resignation as president and fled abroad to avoid impeachment proceedings by Congress and the newly elected government.
Eventually returning home for the 2013 general elections where his political party was disqualified almost instantly.
Pakistan president pervez musharraf first moved with his family from New Delhi to Karachi after Pakistan became independent of India in 1947, following partition.
Born of professional diplomat parents, he spent 1949-56 living in Turkey before joining the army. Graduating from Quetta Army Command and Staff College before enrolling at the Royal College of Defence Studies London was all within four years!
pakistan president pervez musharraf held various posts within Pakistan’s artillery, infantry, and commando groups and taught at both Staff College in Quetta and the War Wing of National Defence College.
He participated in Pakistan’s 1965 and 1971 wars against India before Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif appointed him Commander of Armed Forces in October 1998; under international pressure Sharif ordered Musharraf’s troops back into Pakistani-controlled territory rather than continue invading Indian-administered areas in Kashmir; which caused great anger among his military colleagues at that time.
General Pervez Musharraf:
On October 12, 1999, when Musharraf left Pakistan on a plane taking him back home, Sharif fired him and attempted to stop it from landing at Karachi airport.
But the military quickly overran this and other key government facilities and installed Musharraf as leader of a military administration despite widely considered having moderate views and promising return of civilian governance at some future time. pervez musharraf president of Pakistan then disbanded parliament and suspended the constitution despite having pledged his intentions of eventually returning back to civilian rule in the future.
As part of his attempt at interim governance, Khan established the National Security Council – composed of civilian and military representatives – which provided civilian oversight.
Musharraf took office in early 2001 and soon tried to reach an understanding with India about Kashmir. Following the September 11 attacks and American invasion of Afghanistan later that year in order to eradicate Islamic extremists from border regions between Afghanistan and Pakistan, his U.S. counterpart developed strong ties with pervez musharraf president of Pakistan as part of an attempt to expel these extremists from these territories.
Chief Executive (1999-2002):
Musharraf’s Joint Staff Headquarters (JS HQ) arranged meetings between military officials from his JS HQ and regional corps commanders three times during late September in an apparent bid to prevent an impending coup attempt.
To appease concerns that Musharraf and Sharif might disagree over how best to proceed with his remaining two years, Sharif officially certified Musharraf for another two-year term on 30 September.
Pervez Musharraf had left for a weekend trip to participate in Sri Lanka’s Army 50th-anniversary celebrations and upon returning from Colombo his flight was denied landing permissions at Karachi International Airport due to orders issued from Prime Minister’s Office.
Nawaz Sharif announced on October 12 that Khwaja Ziauddin will replace Pervez Musharraf as the nation’s top military commander–for the third time in less than two years–thus prompting local military commanders to mobilize troops from Rawalpindi towards Islamabad immediately.
Sharif also ordered air traffic controllers at Karachi International Airport to divert Musharraf’s flight toward India upon his house arrest by military authorities; this plan failed when Karachi forces surrounded the airport control tower; thus abandonment. At 2:50 am Musharraf issued his recorded message which included instructions to his audience to deliver.
On October 13, Musharraf met with President Rafiq Tarar to discuss legalizing their coup. After declaring a state of emergency and suspending the Constitution on October 15th and taking office as chief executive on the same day – ending hopes for an imminent transition towards democracy – Musharraf quickly eliminated political rivals such as Ziauddin and Shahid Khaqan Abbassi from government; swiftly eliminating him too as leader of national airline Shahid Khaqan Abbassi was named head.
On October 17 he appointed a seven-person military-civilian council; three retired military officers as well as provincial administrators were appointed on October 21.
pervez musharraf president of Pakistan eventually acquired executive authority but not that of the Prime Minister. Military police promptly closed down the Prime Minister’s Secretariat – Pakistan’s official residence for its Prime Minister – while Musharraf took swift steps to discharge all staff associated with it.
Though the coup was met with widespread international condemnation, there were no coordinated protests within Pakistan itself. Pakistan was expelled from the Commonwealth of Nations because of it and Sharif was placed under house arrest before eventually leaving Pakistan for Saudi Arabia under an agreement signed prior to his exile.
Support for the War on Terror:
After the September 11 attacks, Musharraf joined the US in fighting Afghan mujahideen militants.
pervez musharraf president of Pakistan made an impassioned speech against extremism shortly after the September 11th attacks and implemented restrictions on international students who desired to study Islam in Pakistan, initially including an outright ban but later modified with visa requirements instead.
Musharraf addressed a large gathering of Jewish leaders at an event organized by the Council for World Jewry of the American Jewish Congress on September 18th, 2005, drawing harsh criticism from Middle Eastern authorities but earning his support among Jewish leadership.
Relations with India and Saudi Arabia:
Musharraf responded quickly to the earthquake in Gujarat in 2001 by sending a planeload of supplies, along with his condolences, directly to Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
pervez musharraf president of Pakistan initiated talks with India in 2004 in order to resolve the Kashmir dispute, leading to a ceasefire along the Line of Control being agreed upon and many soldiers being deployed along it as security measures.
King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia made his inaugural official visit to Pakistan in 2006. President Musharraf presented King Abdullah with the Nishan-e-Pakistan award; later that same year Musharraf himself received the King Abdul-Aziz Medallion as recognition.
Lal Masjid :
Jamia Hafsa madrassa, located adjacent to Lal Masjid mosque, provided religious schools for women; male madrassas were easily accessible within driving distance of this location.
Female pupils at the mosque regularly committed violent acts which government officials tried to stop by dispatching police officers against perpetrators and madrassa leadership – leading up to an explosion in July 2007.
After this development, there was an altercation between police officers and armed students, where students and mosque officials resisted surrendering and opened fire on police from within their mosque, leading to casualties on both sides.
Pervez Musharraf Cause of Death:
On February 5, 2023, Musharraf passed away due to longstanding amyloidosis.